Mosquitoes are small fly like insects belonging to Culicidae family. They are very notorious and dangerous insects since they usually pierce hosts skin including human beings to drink blood. The female mosquito is the most hazardous. It has a proboscis, a tube-like mouthpiece that it uses in sucking blood from other animals including birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles. The female mosquito is an ectoparasite. A mosquito bite is usually very painful because of its saliva, but the pain doesn’t last. The real danger in the bite is that many species transmit deadly diseases such as Malaria, a disease responsible for a very high mortality rate in the world each year.
All mosquitoes can transmit diseases!
Contrary to popular belief that all mosquitoes transmit diseases, the fact is, only fresh water mosquitoes carry and transmit diseases thus posing a health threat to humans.
All mosquitoes bite – both Male and Female.
Not all mosquitoes bite. The female mosquitoes feed on blood and use the blood protein for developing their eggs. The male mosquito, on the other hand, feeds on nectar and other plant juices.
Mosquitoes can transmit AIDS.
Mosquitoes aren’t capable of transmitting HIV/AIDS.
The Truth About Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes are known to be one of the most dangerous of insects in the world because of their ability to spread deadly diseases quickly across large distances; killing hundreds of thousands of people per year. For example, according to the World Health Organization in 2015, 429,000 people died of Malaria (which is carried by the female Anopheles Mosquito) alone. Other deadly diseases that mosquitoes are capable of spreading include Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, West Nile Fever, Filariasis, Chikungunya and Zika Virus.
In South Texas, one of the many threats we face is the spreading of the Zika Virus, which is spread by Aedes mosquitoes. The Zika Virus causes congenital disabilities in children and can cause the immune system of the victim to attack the nervous system, a condition known as Guillan-Barre Syndrome. The Aedes Mosquito is mainly found in South Texas along the coast is responsible for the spread of the virus. The Aedes Mosquito, like most other species, can be found along the coast, near wetlands, bayous, creeks, standing water, and other urban environments where they can rapidly increase in numbers and cause potential problems for all.
Minimize Potential Outbreaks
Mosquitoes carry diseases, and everyone is at risk. You never know what that little nasty bite contains. Mosquitoes need water to reproduce. Therefore, draining any stagnant water be it a large pool or a small container such as a bottle top is vital.
Other proactive ways of mitigating the health threats posed by mosquitoes include:
- Sleeping under mosquito nets treated with insecticides
- Regular indoor and outdoor spraying
- Intermittent preventive treatment scheduled for expectant mothers after the first trimester
- Antimalarial drugs can be used to prevent malaria mainly for travelers and pregnant women